What is Uterine fibroid embolization procedure

Treating fibroid tumors in the uterus can be a stressing condition for doctors and their patients. However, uterus fibroid embolization UFE procedure has gained a lot of popularity to cater for this challenge. It is an invasive procedure and makes use of the fluoroscope form of X-ray light. Fluoroscope guides the insertion of the embolic agents to towards the uterus. Approximately 90% of all women who undergo UFE procedure successfully experience complete recovery from fibroids. The above finding finds foundation in studies on medical data statistics.

In case you are wondering what UFE is, and how to carry out the procedure, below is a detailed discussion of the method. The debate includes uses, how to carry on the process, benefits as well as risks associated with UFE.

What are the Uses of UFE Procedure

For many years, uterine fibroid embolization procedure has been used to help women stop the pelvic bleeding. The most common causes of this condition include trauma, bleeding after childbirth and malignant gynecological tumors. Mostly the procedure has been used for treating symptomatic fibroids.
Performing the procedure

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UFE procedure is carried out in cath labs or operating rooms in hospitals. It is an image-guided procedure using a high-definition X-ray camera. The primary purpose is to introduce a catheter to the uterine arteries. The patient is positioned on the examining table, to monitor his or her heartbeat rates, pulse, and blood pressure when undergoing the procedure.

For sedation medication to happen intravenously, the nurse will insert into your hand vein an intravenous line. You can also receive anesthesia as an alternative. The place to insert the catheter is then sterilized and numbed. The process will include an incision of a small skin.

By image guiding, the insertion of the catheter in the artery located in the groin. What follows is the repositioning catheter to release the embolic agents in both the right and left arteries. These agents will work to block the uterine arteries preventing blood flow to the fibroids. In return, this makes the fibroids to shrink and die.
Operation
This whole procedure involves repair of a single small skin puncture. The doctor then removes the catheter to end the process. Pressure is then applied to stop any existing bleeding. The skin opening is then dressed up, and no sutures are necessary during this treatment. After this, the nurse removes the intravenous line.You are likely to spend the following one night at the hospital for pain medication and close monitors by the nurses. The procedure takes approximately 90 to 100 minutes at maximum to complete the treatment.

During the procedure

At the start, the different type of equipment will be attached to your body to monitor your heartbeat and blood pressure. The sedation treatment will make you feel more comfortable, relaxed and sleepy during the process. You will also feel a slight pressure with fewer discomforts with the insertion of the catheter.

After the Procedure

After the procedure, nurses will control your pain with a narcotic substance. You may also go home after the night and will experience some pelvic cramps for the following few days.

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You also have to deal with a low-grade fever and mild nausea. After a week or two, you should be able to continue with your day to day activities in a healthy way. For the first cycle, you will experience less menstrual bleeding which will improve with time.

Advantages of UFE Procedure

Some of the benefits associated with UFE procedure include;

• No surgical operations are necessary during the process,

• The uterus is left intact

• No fibroids growth expected to come back

• There are high chances of the treatment to be a success, and

• Short recovery time needed as the general anesthesia is not necessary.

Disadvantages of UFE Procedure

There are a lot of risks associated with UFE procedure. A few of these risks include;

1. Introducing catheter into the body may lead to damage of blood vessels in the uterus,

2. High chances of infection, and

3. It is not easy to say if the uterine wall is weakened in any way by the UFE procedures.

Uterus fibroid is a very stressing condition for women who suffer from it. And if UFE procedure can successfully resolve it, it is worth to take the risk and do the process. Consider paying attention to the way the method undergoes before you start any treatment.